In general, if there are multiple query predicates that require implicit array traversal, the behavior of the positional projection operator is undefined. For instance, should the following projection return the zeroth or first array element?
SERVER-14662 tracks work to make such queries return an error to the user.
However, there are cases in which this ambiguity can be resolved. Consider the following projection:
In this case, we can resolve the ambiguity because "a.$" matches the prefix of path "a.b" but does not match a prefix of path "d.f".